This is a cosmetic procedure that is used to remove natural waves and curls from your hair. After this procedure it will give your hair a straightened smooth look. The process will generally work by using chemicals that will affect the hair molecules, breaking down the bones that give your hair strands their curls or waves. There are various types of hair smoothing treatments that range in potential damage to your hair, effectiveness, and cost.
Keratin hair smoothing treatments
This treatment is one of the most common types and is also referred to as Brazilian hair straightening. These hair smoothing treatments involves using keratin, which is a form of protein that naturally occurs in your hair follicles. Formaldehyde, a chemical is mixed with the keratin protein to help it to bond to the molecules in your hair, making them smooth. The results from this treatment will last approximately a couple of months. At this time you will need to have this treatment redone.
Chemical relaxers hair smoothing treatments
This treatment is one that is less damaging to your hair and more affordable than the others. With these hair smoothing treatments chemicals are used to soften down the bonds of the molecules of your hair and break the bonds down. It does it in a less dramatic, more gentle way than the other two treatments listed here. This treatment will help to make any tight curls into smoother waves. It will also help to soften kinky hair to make it more manageable. Because this is a relaxing treatment it will usually not produce the smooth look of the other treatments that use chemicals that are harsher. To maintain the texture you may need to redo the treatment every couple of months.
Thermal reconditioning hair smoothing treatments
This treatment is also known as Japanese hair straightening. A chemical solution will be applied and then washed. Then your hair will be blow dried and using a flat iron it will be smoothed out. Depending on the manufacturer the exact combination of the chemicals used in these hair smoothing treatments will vary. Many of the formulas used for this treatment are patent-protected. It is thought that they are effective at smoothing your hair by breaking down the molecular structure of your hair so it will keep the appearance of your smooth hair after it has be blow-dried and flat-ironed. The results from this treatment are generally permanent. This means that the texture of your hair will remain smooth until you have new hair grow in.
Such treatments can have dangerous or potentially negative consequences. Using chemicals can damage your hair and cause it to break off or become dry.